*10 January 1924 in San Sebastián, Basque
+19 August 2002 in San Sebastián, Basque
The Spanish-Basque sculptor and drawer, Eduardo Chillida (1924-2002 San Sebastián) belongs to the most important sculptors of the 20th century. Chillida spent his childhood and youth in San Sebastián before leaving for Madrid at the age of 19. There he studied architecture from 1943 to 1946. He then quit in 1947 and went on to study drawing at the Círculo de Bellas Arte, a private college. A year later he moved to Paris, where he devoted himself to his art and made his first sculptures in clay and plaster. In 1951 he returned to his homeland. Near San Sebástian, in Hernani, he moved into a house with a studio which stood out for having an own incorporated smithy. Here he laid the foundation of his art. The works made there in forging technique are the basis for later sculptures made of iron. Eduardo Chillida is renowned for his monumental, space-consuming sculptures made of steel, which are characterized by their enormous materiality.
Chillida came into contact with printmaking through the Maeght Gallery. In 1956 this gallery dedicated a special edition to Chillida in its catalogue series “Derrière le Miroir”. His first stand-alone prints, two etchings, were created in 1959, by which time Chillida had already made a name for himself with his sculptures. These etchings are the prelude to a long and successful engagement with the medium of printmaking, especially etching but also woodcut. His prints show similarities and parallels to his sculptural work, but they are by no means translations of the sculptures into prints. These two aspects of his art follow his higher artistic guiding idea; each realized according to their own medium.